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Ready Pattern Design & Trends Blog

What are Batik Patterns?

by Michelle Frances

June 9, 2020 17:15 label 4 minutes read label Leave a comment

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Batik surface patterns and it's implications Batik is a process of counter dyeing a cloth to avail distinctive and colorful designs on it. This is an ancient handicraft and originated from Indian culture more than 200 years ago. Indian artisans created this art technique  many centuries ago and after some times it spread to various countries. Batik is still considered as the textile heritage of India and people use this pattern widely .

How are Batik Patterns Made?

Presently, batik fabrics are exported from countries like Indonesia and Malaysia. In India this textile pattern is left behind until the mid-20th century. This time  of history revealed on reviving lost arts and gave importance in promoting rural handicrafts industries, one of them had to be the Batik industry. But with time this technique has been known to many parts of the world and the western countries also have a great demand of this art. Variant techniques of Batik patterns Block printed batik is the traditional batik patterns. In this process a block carved with patterns is  used, which is then dipped in wax and stamped on the fabric.  Before this method , the blocks wwe created out of potato but as the potato could be damaged easily,  they tried to do it with wood but as the wood could be broken , they opted  using zinc or copper as the block which is used till date. It took a month to make a design out of it. After stamping onto the fabric there are various process to complete the block printed batik.


Another type is Batik Skrin or Screen printing ,it's a quicker and easier method but one must ensure to have a keen eye to match the patterns onto the fabric. In this type of batik stencil is used to illustrate the designs. Batik Lukis or Hand Drawn Batik or Batik Canting is a hand potrayed batik in which the hot wax is used in a pen like utensils made up of brass named canting is drawn into the fabric with the professed pattern. The artist must have a stable hand because if there is any one fault then the whole thing has to be changed. When the wax has dried ,the pattern has portrayed ,it's the time to give colours into the fabric.


Batik is basically considered the dyeing fabric which uses removable wax on the parts of the fabric that is not dyed, but tie dye is a process of dyeing fabric after knotting or rubber banding to create knots and variant patterns. Various Batik Patterns The most traditional batik pattern is kawung. This design consists of intersecting circles and these circles are embedded with small circles. Ceplok is basically known for all sorts of geometric designs such as  squares, rhombus, circles, stars, etc.  It can be said use of colour creates variations in the illusion of the depth. One single geometrical figure can be opted for the design. Another traditional design is the Parang ,this design prevailed in the royal courts in Central Java.


This kind of  design comprises of slanting rows of thick knife-like slabs , and it's done diagonally with repetition. According to the recent times the batik pattern is processed in a way where the leaves, flowers stay intact.

About the author

Michelle Frances


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