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Ready Pattern Design & Trends Blog

Latest Printing Processes Used in Textile Industry

by Michelle Frances

June 12, 2020 00:22 label 9 minutes read label Leave a comment

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Printing may wake mind the image of inkjet or laser printers, whether large or small, and paper is that the most well-liked method of printing. But the planet of printing is varied and versatile and one among the various other methods of printing is textile printing. This is the method of printing directly onto fabrics to supply them with colorful designs or patterns. We’ve taken a more in-depth  look at a number of the varied methods that textile printing offers that are often still in use today. Below is the list of different types of printing types used more often:

Traditional Block Printing

Woodblock printing was originally developed and utilized in East Asia and printed onto textiles, before later getting used to print on paper. the method for printing here is that the dye would be firmly pressed onto the material employing a block that was carved with a particular design.

Block Printing

The traditional style of block printing still exists today though this can be seen as a slow process which will take a protracted time to finish. this can be because each color requires a separate block which successively must be carved individually, a time consuming process if there are many colors and patterns needed. After this, the color is applied by pressing firmly onto the fabric so striking the rear of the block. Each block is required to line up perfectly to make a definite pattern that has no breaks to confirm that it's visually pleasing. this implies that one mistake could potentially ruin the textile.

Roller Printing

The process of roller printing, often called machine printing or maybe cylinder printing, began within the 18th century when Thomas Bell patented the method in 1783. Roller printing requires fabric to taste a central cylinder that rotates so be pressed onto by a series of rollers. These rollers are carved with designs which will produce patterned textiles and different colors. It was further improved within the 19th century to permit roller prints to supply more vibrant and vivid colors that may brighten up clothing. the method of roller printing was far quicker than block printing because it would allow large amounts of textiles to be printed during a day by one color machine. Roller printing continues to be used today because it can allow large quantities of textiles to be printed, but its popularity is slowing waning because of the recognition of recent printing techniques.

Screen Printing

One of the foremost popular ways of printing onto textiles today is screen printing. It is so popular that it can often be found on the main street as the simplest way to print onto t-shirts or other items of clothing. A fast description of the way to print this fashion is that a screen is formed by stretching a chunk of mesh over a frame and also the design created by blocking parts of the screen. The screen is placed on top of the textile that's to be printed and ink is pushed through the mesh. A squeegee is employed to  push the mesh down and squeeze the ink out onto the material.  Screen printing requires one color per screen therefore the more colors that are required can result in higher costs.
Though it's going to look like a contemporary way of printing, screen printing actually has its origins in China over cardinal years ago. It slowly spread through to other Asian countries before arriving in Western Europe within the 18th century. A famous screen printer is artist painter who popularized screen printing together with his famous prints with a creative technique called serigraphy, creating images that are iconic today like his Norma Jean Baker print.

Digital Printing

The constant advance of digital in today’s world means it's also moved into the planet of textile printing. Digital textile printing can print onto textiles or clothes by using inkjet technology that has been specifically created for this or modified to satisfy the role. Digital textile printing is usually able to print onto a good form of textile fabrics including nylon, polyester fabric, silk and far more. It allows users to make very detailed prints onto textiles at a reasonably fast pace, though it's often a fashionable process because of having to shop for specialized inkjet cartridges.

About the author

Michelle Frances

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